Sunday, 21 February 2016

Dunning-Kruger Effect

It is ethically not good to call people “stupid”.
People are not stupid.
People are just suffering from Dunning-Kruger effect.
So the next time you see someone being stupid, just pity him/her for experiencing Dunning-Kruger effect.

from Wikipedia :-

The Dunning–Kruger effect is a cognitive bias in which relatively unskilled persons suffer illusory superiority, mistakenly assessing their ability to be much higher than it really is. Dunning and Kruger attributed this bias to a metacognitive inability of the unskilled to recognize their own ineptitude and evaluate their own ability accurately. Their research also suggests corollaries: highly skilled individuals may underestimate their relative competence and may erroneously assume that tasks which are easy for them are also easy for others.[1]

The phenomenon was first tested in a series of experiments during 1999 by David Dunning and Justin Kruger of the department of psychology at Cornell University.[1][2] The study was inspired by the case of McArthur Wheeler, a man who robbed two banks after covering his face with lemon juice in the mistaken belief that, because lemon juice is usable as invisible ink, it would prevent his face from being recorded on surveillance cameras

Dunning and Kruger proposed that, for a given skill, incompetent people will:[4]
  • fail to recognize their own lack of skill
  • fail to recognize the extent of their inadequacy
  • fail to recognize genuine skill in others
  • recognize and acknowledge their own lack of skill, after they are exposed to training for that skill

Dunning has since drawn an analogy – "the anosognosia of everyday life"[5][6] – with a condition in which a person who experiences a physical disability because of brain injury seems unaware of, or denies the existence of, the disability, even for dramatic impairments such as blindness or paralysis: "If you're incompetent, you can’t know you’re incompetent.… [T]he skills you need to produce a right answer are exactly the skills you need to recognize what a right answer is.


People are not stupid.

People just suffer from Dunning Kruger Effect.

One fine example of Dunning-Kruger Effect happening at my beloved Malaysia country is as below news.

KUALA LUMPUR: God did not create marijuana to harm people, Umno TamanChempaka branch information chief Syed Rosli Syed Harman Jamalullail has said in defence of the plant’s benefits.

He was responding to an open letter by Dr Nadiah Norudin, a medical officer and member of the Muslim health activism group I-Medik.

“This doctor is insincere and is not speaking truthfully. She’s a peddler of Western synthetic drugs,” he said in a Facebook post this morning.

Syed Rosli accused Nadiah of only getting her knowledge from academic journals written by people he said that “may only ruin the reputation of Allah’s creation, cannabis, to sell their synthetic medicines that only harm people in the long term.”

“So let’s keep cigarettes and alcohol as our alternatives,” he said sarcastically.

“She hasn’t criticised cigarettes and wine which are clearly dangerous, addictive, and haram under Islam.”

“The Netherlands is one of the freest countries with marijuana, and they have some of the world’s best architects. This doctor has never been to the Netherlands, nor has she stayed there,” he said.

He challenged her to go to the Netherlands and see for herself whether they had become “insane, stupid, or forgetful because they legalised marijuana.”

In the media yesterday, Syed Rosli was reported as saying that the Federal Government should consider allowing Malaysians the freedom to consume marijuana by amending existing legislature banning its cultivation, use, and sale.

“I’ve been raising this issue since last year,” Syed Rosli said in an Astro Awani report yesterday.

“Cigarettes and vape pose great health risks to the public, but marijuana on the other hand is proven to calm the nerves and can even lead to a reduction in the crime rate.”

Dr Nadiah however had criticised Syed Rosli for his advocacy of the decriminalisation of marijuana, saying that marijuana carried with it dangers to the public’s psychological and physical health.

She cited an article published by The New England Journal of Medicine in 2014, which she said showed that marijuana carried dangers of addiction and that almost half of daily marijuana users would be addicted, with one in six teens on marijuana, succumbing to addiction.

Shaped thus, shipped'em out
a new deal to flog and flout.
Buried up to the neck in socio-aggregate;
Twist an arm and drag it back.

Infiltraitor reclaims the rhetoric.
Infiltraitor turns the kindness milk.

A now and later policy
suits privileged contingency.

A now and later policy
crowns privileged contingency.